In our last segment, we talked about how your skin is the largest organ in your body. It’s not replaceable, so why abuse it? We will say this over and over again……catch the hint?
As we previously stated, a lot of things are considered when it comes to getting healthy skin. Diet, regular exercise, vitamins, are all contributing factors and roles in maintaining healthy, balanced skin.
In this segment our Aestheticians focus on products and how they improve the health of the dermis.
The skin’s primary function is to protect the body from external pathogens, it poses a penetration challenge for some ingredients. Optimally, a topical ingredient should penetrate the entire epidermis/dermis if it’s to provide benefits. Using oil-based ingredients, or adding an oil or penetration agent to the product, can help the compounds get through the epidermis.
The primary causes of skin damage and aging are exposure to sunlight—UVB and UVA—oxidation and inflammation of the skin, decreases in supportive collagen, loss of muscle tone, and dryness. Topical anti-aging ingredients seek to ameliorate these conditions. Popular vitamins, such as C and E, are well-studied for topical benefits. Other compounds, such as DMAE, Hyaluronic Acid and CoQ10, are supported by emerging research. The following are some of the popular, scientifically backed inclusions for today’s anti-aging skin care products.
VITAMIN C: researchers discovered that vitamin C had significantly reduced wrinkles and had rearranged wrinkle lines from deeper ruts into shallow, random order, a sign of younger skin and a stronger collagen matrix. The same researchers further tested vitamin C on post-menopausal women—previously thought to have severely limited skin-collagen-production capacity—and found that topical vitamin C significantly increased the production of collagen vs. placebo.
VITAMIN E: It’s recommended that supplementing orally with 400mg vitamin E daily can reduce photodamage and wrinkles and can improve skin texture, while topical applications, including blends with vitamin C, can soothe dry skin and protect against sun damage. Researchers have found the topical application of alpha-tocopherol to be more effective than internal supplementation at preventing UV damage. In another study, researchers found that a topical solution of alpha-tocopherol inhibited UVR-induced epidermal lipid peroxidation.
DIMETHYLAMINOETHANOL (DMAE): made its debut years ago as a cure-all antioxidant aimed at enhancing cognitive functioning and reducing fatigue and depression. Nicholas Perricone, MD, author of The Perricone Prescription, claims that it is even more potent topically, adding to DMAE’s credentials as a membrane stabilizer, anti-inflammatory and penetration enhancer.
A young face is characterized by short, thick muscles that prevent sagging. As we get older, the muscles get thinner and longer, causing a flatter and increasingly saggy face. Cosmetic surgeons cut muscles shorter to pull up the sags and round out the face.
DMAE stimulates the contraction of muscles so you correct the sagging and get a more rounded look and a physiologically younger face. A possible mechanism of action is DMAE’s stimulation of acetylcholine, a key component in muscle contraction. DMAE also helps stabilize skin-cell membranes.
HYALURONIC ACID: Injected forms of HA have been used for arthritis, wrinkle-removal, ophthalmic surgery, and research supports its critical role in scar-less wound healing.Small facial cuts heal without scarring because of high HA levels. HA’s multi-faceted role in wound repair—carefully regulating inflammation, formation of granulation tissue, re-epithelisation and remodeling—has prompted its topical use.
C0Q10: CoQ10 decreases in level with age and thus skin at about age
30 is below optimum, resulting in a lesser ability to produce collagen,
elastin, and other important skin molecules. CoQ10 is a small
molecule that can easily penetrate the skin. These studies indicate CoQ10 to be an effective topical agent and is a viable photo-protectant with the ability to penetrate into the skin.
Stay tuned for more in the upcoming weeks……Here’s to healthy skin!